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Terms In Water Industry


 Raw water: refers to any way which has not been treated or waiting for treating.


 Epilimnion:The surface layer of a liquid body, used in reference to a reservoir or body of water


Groundwater is the water beneath the surface of the ground in the zone of saturation where every pore space between rock and soil particles is saturated with water.


HypolimniOn: Cool, oxygen-deficient, bottom layer of a stratified water body; an unfrozen lake's cold, lowermost, stagnant layer of oxygen-poor water that is below the thermocline.


Oligotrophic refers generally to ecosystems which have very little nutrients to sustain life. These can be very salty lakes or soils with a very low nitrogen content.


Stratification:The Merriam-Webster definition of the VERB "Stratify" is:to form, deposit, or arrange in strata.


Hermocline:a layer of water in an ocean or certain lakes, where the temperature gradient is greater than that of the warmer layer above and the colder layer below.


Detritus is dead organic material, as opposed to living organisms or inorganic matter.


Effluent is the water that leaves a sewage treatment plant after it has been treated.


Raw sewage refers to dirty water that has been not treated.


Treated sewage refers to dirty water that has been treated partly or completely.


Drinking water also called as potable water,refers to water meeting the standard of drinking.


Supply water refer to treated water for living and manufacturing.


Industrial water refers to water used in industry process.


Boiler water refers to water kept in boiler while boiler runs. There are certain request for water quality.


Cooling water is used to absorb or transfer thermal energy.